Environment California calls for marine sanctuary expansion

By Nathan Weaver
Oceans & Preservation Advocate

Center for Biological Diversity   Conservation Law Foundation
Environment America   Environment California   Friends of the Earth   Greenpeace   Marine Conservation Institute   National Audubon Society
Oceana   Ocean Conservancy   Ocean Conservation Research 
Sierra Club

March 1, 2013

Maria Brown, Sanctuary Superintendent
Gulf of Farallones National Marine Sanctuary
991 Marine Drive
The Presidio
San Francisco, CA   94129

RE: Gulf of the Farallones and Cordell Bank National Marine Sanctuaries Expansion;

Dear Superintendent Brown,

On behalf of our organizations and our members, activists and supporters, we are writing to strongly support the expansion of the Gulf of the Farallones (GFNMS) and Cordell Bank (CBNMS) National Marine Sanctuaries as proposed in Federal Register Doc.2012-30581. Expansion of these existing marine sanctuaries has been discussed for over a decade, and supported by numerous Congressional and local political leaders who understand its importance to marine life and the local economy. The expansion has been the subject of several Congressional hearings and markups, and is supported by a wide range of economic interest groups in Northern California, including commercial fishermen. It is now time to make the proposal a reality for this beautiful coast and magnificent ocean ecosystem. 

The proposed expansion would extend from Bodega Bay, north to Alder Creek near Point Arena and west to the edge of the continental shelf, adding another 60 miles of coastal waters north of the existing sanctuaries.  This would add about 2,770 square miles of ocean to the existing sanctuaries, more than doubling their area. As climate change proceeds on the west coast, scientists have already seen northward movements of important species; the expansion will enhance protection for these migrants.

For part of most years, there is a powerful upwelling of deep, rich water along the coast from north of Point Arena down to Bodega Bay. This unusual upwelling occurs within an even larger coastal system called the California Current which sweeps all the nutrient rich water southwards towards Cordell Bank, the Farallones Islands, Monterey Bay and farther south. The current is large enough to move an average volume of 500,000 cubic meters of water per second which is about 66 times larger than the average flow of the Columbia River.

The deep water nutrients brought up by the coastal upwelling and moved south by the California Current support an incredibly rich food chain that feeds more than one-third of the world’s whale and dolphin species at some point during the year and hundreds of thousands of seabirds living in the largest breeding colonies in the continental US. Some whales, marine mammals and seabirds travel thousands of miles to feed specifically in this area because it is so rich with food.

Among the diverse populations of sea birds and marine mammals, the sanctuaries contain seven threatened and endangered species of marine mammals, including the blue whale, Stellar sea lion, seven species of threatened and endangered seabirds, and five species of sea turtles.  Some of the more notable threatened or endangered species in this area are: humpback whales, fin whales, short-tailed albatross, leatherback sea turtle, Chinook salmon, steelhead trout, and many more. The expansion area also has over 240 fish species.

Significantly, the expansion will help sustain local economies. According to NOAA’s Coastal Services Center, counties that border the expansion area had over 15,000 ocean-related jobs that paid $350 million in wages and produced $700 million in GDP from coastal tourism, fishing and other marine activities in 2010.  If the boundaries of the GFNMS and CBNMS expand, it would permanently guarantee an area twice the current size where local fishing, tourism and other coastal jobs are protected from various damaging activities.

Threats to the northern coast of California include: oil spills, seismic testing for offshore oil drilling, offshore drilling, certain types of fishing practices, and coastal and vessel pollution. Marine mammals and seabirds are especially sensitive to oil spills and the seismic testing that inevitably accompanies drilling. Seismic testing and oil drilling which could disrupt the migration patterns and populations of a number of endangered marine mammals including the blue whales are a significant possibility in the proposed area without the expansion. 

As NOAA prepares the Environmental Impact Statement on the sanctuary expansion proposal, we strongly believe it should assess the impact of bottom trawling and other damaging activities in the existing sanctuaries and expansion area, and analyze alternatives to these practices. Bottom trawling uses large, heavy nets that capture and kill many untargeted species as by catch and damage the corals, sponges and other benthic species. Corals and other bottom dwellers provide three-dimensional habitat which is correlated with high biodiversity and critical to the lifecycle of many species.

We also believe NOAA should examine moving the northern boundary of the expansion area farther north past Pt. Arena-Alder Creek.  This would potentially include additional ecologically connected or important areas into the extended sanctuary.
The expansion of the Gulf of the Farallones and Cordell Bank National Marine Sanctuaries to include the area of deep ocean upwelling would safeguard the rich biological diversity of this area, provide critical habitat for economically valuable species and several threatened or endangered ones, and support local economies and jobs. We can hardly think of a more worthy place for sanctuary status in the continental US. 


Marine Conservation Institute
Center for Biological Diversity
Conservation Law Foundation
Environment America
Environment California
Friends of the Earth
National Audubon
Ocean Conservancy
Ocean Conservation Research
Sierra Club


Disputable matters are nearly organize in apiece besides entire classifys uk based essay companies of compositions:- might it be Coherence Expositions or Descriptive Endeavors or Biographical Papers or Anecdote Thesiss or Thoughtful Compositions or Idiomatic Articles.

Windows 8.1 will come to the Surface Pro 2, which is more of a replacement for a laptop, given that it runs an unhindered version of Microsoft’s operating system which has nevertheless been optimised for touchscreen interactions.

Most software projects fail completely or partial failures because a small number of projects meet all their requirements. These requirements can be the cost, schedule, quality, or requirements objectives.http://www.bydefaultsoftware.org/

Maaf, Ane mau Titip link http://mahirseogoogle.blogspot.com/2014/06/adro.html ADRO TEXTILE Konveksi Murah Indonesia – Tlp 081362666444 !
http://clorot.blogspot.com/2014/04/kursus.html Kursus SEO dan Internet Marketing Terbaik di Jakarta

There are also many new motor home manufacturers and dealers offering super deals, they have to just to stay in business.

I would like to thank you for your nicely written post, its informative and your writing style encouraged me to read it till end. Thanks
get vine followers

http://www.theinjurylawnews.org Choosing a law firm is never easy. A commercial on television, billboard on the side of the road, or advertisement on your favorite web page tells you very little about the quality of the firm you select.

In general, think before you buy any product - do you really need it? How did the production of this product impact the environment and what further impacts will there be with the disposal of the product Yamaha R15 dan Yamaha R25 Motor Sport Racing dan Kencang http://tech-kinodeon.blogspot.com/2014/07/yamaha-motor-sport-racing.html
agen sbobet http://walibola.co
Camry Mobil Hybrid Terbaik Indonesia http://kutupapa.blogspot.com/2014/07/camry-mobil-hybrid-terbaik-indonesi...

I would like to thank you for your best written post, its informative and your writing style helped me to read it till end. Thanks man! ASUS ZenFone Smartphone Android Terbaik | Camry Mobil Hybrid Terbaik Indonesia | Sewa Mobil DimasRentcar | SEO Google | Yamaha R15 dan Yamaha R25 Motor Sport Racing dan Kencang | Coretan

http://www.aurorapoolsandspas.com/category/6/game_rooms.html Sport room decor is just not necessarily with regards to fashion and quite often more with regards to showcasing your selected hobbies along with pastimes. While game rooms start as laid-back places involving in household recreation, they might grow straight into something additional.

3 PXL Photography - Las Vegas, Nevada. USA. Wedding photography company.wedding photographer in Las Vegas

Modern signage depends on words which are used with images. At times modern signage designed for international audience omits text. You can promote your business with the help of custom made signage.Printing Flyers

Kanker otak Dapat Disembuhkan Menggunakan amazon

Ketika sel normal (A) rusak atau tua (2), mereka akan mengalami apoptosis (1); sel Kanker otak (B) menghindari dari apoptosis dan terus berkembang. Penyakit Kanker otak yaitu suatu golongan penyakit yang ditandai dengan adanya pembelahan sel yang tidak terbatas dan kemampuan sel-sel tsb untuk menyerbu jaringan biologis lainnya, baik melalui pertumbuhan langsung di jaringan yang invasi atau dengan perpindahan sel satu ke tempat yang metastasis.

Pertumbuhan yang tidak terbatas tersebut disebabkan kerusakan DNA, menyebabkan perpindahan di gen vital yang mengendalikan pembelahan sel. Beberapa bagian perpindahan mungkin saja dibutuhkan guna mengubah sel normal menjadi sel Kanker otak. Mutasi-mutasi tersebut kadang dikarnakan pusat kimia maupun fisik biasa disebut karsinogen. Perpindahan bisa saja terjadi secara diperoleh ataupun diwariskan. Penyakit Kanker otak mampu menyebabkan banyak penyebab yang berbeda, bergantung pada tempatnya & karakter dari tingkat keganasannya & apakah ada metastasis. Sebuah diagnosa yang menentukan biasanya membutuhkan pengecekan mikroskopik jaringan yang diperoleh dengan biopsi.
Setelah didiagnosis, jenis Kanker otak biasanya rawat inap kemudian menjalankan pembedahan, radiasi. Bila tak dijaga, banyak penyakit Kanker otak menyebabkan kematian.
Penyakit Kanker otak adalah salah satu penyebab utama angka kematian di beberapa Negara berkembang. Pada Umumnya penyakit Kanker otak dapat dirawat & banyak juga yang dipulihkan, terutama apabila perawataperawatannya dimulai sejak awal.

Bagi golongan yang mampu, hal tersebut tidak jadi masalah, tapi untuk golongan yang tidak mampu, hal tersebut akan jadi masalah. tidak perlu takut, tidak usah cemas, jangan ragu, semua jenis penyakit itu sudah pasti ada obatnya. Dan sebagai makhluk ciptaan Tuhan & sejatinya kita memohon kepadaNya, maka sejak saat ini Tuhan telah menciptakan sebuah pohon yang sangat bernilai untuk kehidupan manusia. Pohon tersebut yaitu pohon buah manggis. Aroma buahnya yang menakjubkan serta warna kulit buahnya yang menggiurkan menjadikan buah manggis begitu memesona. Kulit buahnya terdapat senyawa molekul yang mempunyai kandungan antioksidan yang disebut xanthone. Dan xanthone inilah yang menginspirasi lahirnya sebuah minuman alami amazon Plus. amazon jus kulit manggis bisa mencegah Kanker otak yang membuat hidup manusia sengsara. Memilih amazon jus kulit manggis adalah hal bijak bagi.

Mengonsumsi amazon Plus Penyakit Kanker otak Sembuh Janin Datang

Dua strip warna merah berjajar masing-masing panjangnya 1 cm itu membuat Ari Utami bahagis bukan main. Hal itu penantian panjang sekitar dua setwngah tahun.
Berkat Obat Herbal amazon Plus sari kulit buah manggis.

Setelah akad nikah pada dua ribu sembilan, baru sajay September dua ribu sebelas Ari Utami melihat 2 strip merah pertanda kehamilan itu. Itulah ciri-ciri yang yang ditunggu-tunggu dan dapat menyembuhkan ketrenyuhan pada saat ada yang bertanya, “Kapan punya momongan?”. Pada bulan Februari dua ribu dua belas, usia kandungan wanita tiga puluh dua tahun itu sudah 6 bulan. Tuntu saja Ari Utami merawt kehamilan dengan begitu berhati-hati.
Diawal kesulitan hamilnya Ari berdasarkan pemeriksaan dokter karena ketidakstabilan hormon dalam tubuh, tumbuh 3 miom berdiameter masing-masing sembilan - 11 cm menempel di dinding rahim, & mengidap penyakit Kanker otak mulut rahim stadium dua. Mendengar penjelasan dokter dari sebuah RS di Jakarta Barat itu, “Rasanya dunia sudah gelap,” kata Ari. Ari mengambil keputusan untuk pulang ke rumah tanpa perawatan.

Obat Tradisional amazon Plus Harapan Baruku

Lantas Ari mulai minum obat herbal, ramuat tersebut adalah Obat Herbal amazon Plus. Manfaat amazon Plus sebagai antioksidan, membunuh sel Kanker otak, dan menstabilkan hormonal. “ amazon Obat Tradisional amazon Plus sebagai super antioksidan akan menormalkan imun didalam tubuh & membunuh sel Kanker otak,” ucap Ibu Valentina. Ari kembali check up diri pada Juli 2011. Menurut hasil dokter, 2 miomnya hilang, hanya tersisa miom ukuran delapan cm dalam rahim kanan. begitu pula penyakit Kanker otak serviksnya sembuh total. Sebulan berselang, sekitar September 2011, Ari positif hamil. Ia mengecek hasil test pack & mendapati dua garis berwarna merah tanda ia hamil. Kini usia kandungan Ari Utami berusia 6 bulan. Dokter kandungan yang menangani Ari menyatakan kandungan Ari kuat.
Terima kasih untuk Obat Tradisional amazon Plus. http://grosiramazonplus.com/obat-herbal-kanker-otak/
Obat Tradisional Alami Sakit Flek Paru-paru amazon

Tahukah anda definisi dari Jenis Penyakit Flek Paru Paru?

Sakit Flek paru-paru kebanyakan ditandai dengan ciri-ciri misalkan demam tinggi & batuk tak kunjung henti serta sesak napas. Penyakit Flek paru-paru salah satu penyakit yang menular, oleh sebab itu waspadalah agar tidak berdekatan dengan pasien flek paru-paru.

Arti kata flek paru-paru itu sendiri salah satu cara banyak ahli untuk menggambarkan penyakit TBC pada anak-anak. karna pada umumnya kebanyakan orang tua akan menjadi shock bila mengetahui anak nya mengidap penyakit TBC. Penyakit Flek Paru paru adalah jenis penyakit yang disebabkan terinfeksi oleh kuman maupun karena alergi. http://grosiramazonplus.com/obat-herbal-penyakit-flek-paru-paru/
Penjualan Obat Herbal Sakit Paru-paru Basah

Apakah anda tahu dengan yang dimaksud dari penyakit Paru-paru Basah?

Paru-paru Basah adalah sejenis penyakit di dalam paru-paru yang mana pulmonary alveolus yang bertanggung jawab menyerap O2 dari atmosfer meradang dan terisi oleh cairan. Radang paru-paru dapat disebabkan oleh banyak faktor, termasuk infeksi oleh bakteri, virus, & parasite. Paru-paru basah dapat juga disebabkan oleh kepedihan zat-zat kimia atau cedera jasmani pada paru-paru atau sebagai penyebab dari penyakit lainnya, seperti kanker paru-paru atau berlebihan konsumsi alkohol. Obat Tradisional Alami Sakit Paru-paru Basah merupakan terobosan yang paling tepat untuk menyembuhkan Paru-paru Basah dan tidak menimbulkan dampak bagi yang mengkonsumsinya. Beberapa tanda yang berhubungan dengan Radang Paru-paru misalkan sakit dada.

Jus Kulit Manggis diproduksi dari bahan alami antara lain sari kulit manggis, bunga roselle, apel, buah anggur & menggunakan madu untuk bahan pengawet alami. Kandungan zat xanthone yang terdapat di dalam kulit manggis memiliki antioksidan yang mampu memulihkan berbagai macam penyakit salah satunya radang paru-paru. Khasiat utama zat xanthone sebagai anti-kanker, bakteri, peradangan, & masih banyak lagi yang lainnya. Xanthone mampu mematikan bakteri, dan jamur sebagai penyebab paru-paru basah, selain itu Kegunaan xanthone juga untuk memulihakn fungsi organ seseorang. http://grosiramazonplus.com/obat-herbal-radang-paru-paru-basah-pneumonia/

nice post nice blog I had been very astounded by this publish I love very much magnificent article.so many more entertaining times reading here. Thanks once more for all the details. Going Here

http://www.healthynchospitals.org Many hospitals, medical centers and pediatricians have developed programs to help you keep on top of such things as your child's health and development. They are typically brought to you in an easy to follow fact-tip sheet that you can read and keep on hand for future reference.

http://www.crphealth.org Researchers from the Medical University of South Carolina in Charleston analyzed 5,021 participants in the National Health and Nutrition examination Survey 1999-2000 (NHANES 99-00), which was conducted by the National Center for Health Statistics to collect information concerning the health and diet of American men and women.

http://www.coimbrahealth.org The term "health insurance" is commonly used in the United States to describe any program that helps pay for medical expenses, whether through privately purchased insurance, social insurance or a non-insurance social welfare program funded by the government.

Desire System: Dr. David T. Reveals The Holy Grail Of Seduction Techniques That Uses Emotional Contagion To Turn A Woman On And Compels Her To Chase You And Want Sex With You This site includes a Desire System review and buyers guide that provides an insider's look at the program and answers frequently asked questions about Dr. David's unique and controversial seduction system. Learn everything you need to know about the program so you can decide if the Desire System is the right choice for you before you buy it.rebelmouse.com

Really great post. I simply unearthed your site and needed to say that I have truly appreciated perusing your blog entries. Any way I'll be subscribing to your food and I trust you post again soon. pdflirt

Medical University of South Carolina in Charleston analyzed 5,021 participants in the National Health and Nutrition examination Survey 1999-2000 (NHANES 99-00), which was conducted by the National Center for Health Statistics to collect information concerning the health and diet of American men and women. Full Article

http://www.broadhealth.org Before making a firm decision on a plan that looks attractive consult with a licensed agent about the possibilities that might happen after you submit an application to the insurer. In this article I will explain the possible scenarios that can happen once you apply.

There are a lot of sites and articles out there on this particular point, but you have captured another side of the subject. This is good content thank you for adding it here.

Read your blog, I find your inner world is very rich also fascinating, I believe you will be successful, as long as you self-confidence!
nacele de inchiriat

Thank you for this posting. I think it would be helpful for all. Personally I like this post. bowen craiova

I definitely really liked every part of it and i also have you saved to fav to look at new information in your site.
totemuri benzinarii

This is very nice one and gives indepth information. Thanks for this nice article.
firme luminoase bucuresti

This is very nice one and gives indepth information. Thanks for this nice article. star wars commander cheat

Resale prices of completed non-landed private homes slipped 0.4 percent in February from the month before as prices dropped in both the central and non-central regions, -Free PDF Ebooks

It is a disease that is common among children due to the damage of the centers that control their movement during pregnancy, childbirth or even until they reach three years. http://factsresearcher.com/is-cerebral-palsy-hereditary/

http://www.sportrabbit.org The obscure little rabbit. He is food for many of the predators of the wild. He reproduces at an alarming rate. He can be found in most areas of the country.

http://www.sportindustryjobs.org Looking to make a career change into a fun and exciting industry? Do you find yourself obsessive about your favorite sport? If so, then breaking into the sports industry just might be what you are looking for.

http://www.betterfootball.org Football (or soccer as the 'non-Brits' refer to it as) is the most popular sport in the World. Millions of people play, at various levels, every single day. Most people play for fun, others professionally, however the aim of the game is almost always the same - WIN!

Such a very useful article. Very interesting to read this article.I would like to thank you for the efforts you had made for writing this awesome article gamereasy.com/

Muy interesante para leer. Me encanta leer un artículo tan bonito. inchirieri masini craiova

So, what really is the reason for software project failure? The sad fact is that software projects fail because we do not recognize that good engineering principles should be applied to software projects just as they are to building office buildings.

I have been researching every aspect of a possible career move. This post is very helpful and shows that you have a lot of knowledge on the topic. Do you have any others?
fish oil capsules

The initiative taken by Environment California will make all the other concerned organisations and association come forward and share their thoughts on the issue. We have seen some noticeable achievements. http://www.essayarsenal.co.uk http://essayleaks.blogspot.com http://infoslurp.blogspot.com http://www.essayleaks.com/Essay-Help.aspx

http://www.traveltohelp.org Traveling with kids can be complicated and frustrating at times. When your kids are tired and cranky it can be hard on everyone, especially if you are in a confined space such as a car or plane.

Formula One returns to the Indian soil this Oct 2012. In case you decided to play couch potato the last time or ended up sweating it out on the wrong stand with very poor visibility, here's a guide on how-to purchase the ideal F1 ticket for your pocket and enjoyment.

http://www.smartgridbusinessnetwork.org One of the few people that make me sit up and take notice whenever they speak or write about online business is Ryan Deiss, this guy is a real pro and makes a ton of money from his various turnkey businesses.

rich food chain that feeds more than one-third of the world’s whale and dolphin species at some point during the year and hundreds of thousands of RUMTAR88.COM AGEN BOLA SBOBET IBCBET CASINO 338A TANGKAS TOGEL ONLINE INDONESIA TERPERCAYA http://tech-kinodeon.blogspot.com/2014/08/agen-bola-sbobet-ibcbet-online...

Welcome to the Text Your Ex Back Michael Fiore Facebook page. We're just getting started and are excited to share some amazing texting tips and techniques that can help you get your ex back after a breakup. Connect with us from the very beginning by liking this page.next step

3 PXL Photography - Las Vegas, Nevada. USA. Wedding photography company.Las Vegas wedding packages

The natural formulation of Arg Matrix makes it completely immune to the internal systems of our body. So consuming it is totally tension free and devoid of any type of side effects. breakfast4health.org

This topic is something that I have been looking into for a while now and your insight is exceptional. cheap web hosting
Read more at - bitcoin hosting

I hope the information you provide in your articles that are useful to help others in dealing with the problems of bitterness, and that all feel relief after completing the problem.
training empowering leadership

You’ll find that lots of the software options have their own features and benefits so make sure you shop around and find whatever is the perfect solution for you and your needs.

http://www.esportshub.org Singapore has become a sort of a sporting phenomenon of late, and we can only place the root of this new, sprouting interest to our recent successes of late. We have two world-class table tennis players who displayed a magnificent performance at the recent Beijing Olympics.